Model farmer groups represent the key conduit for delivering benefits to the community, tackling a range of cross-cutting areas.
Currently 75% of people participating in the Community Piggery Enterprise are women. The high level of interest from women demonstrates the strengths of WAL’s design – with consideration given to traditional social structures while providing a way to respectfully challenge issues such as gender inequity.
In addition to WAL’s careful consideration of the role of women in traditional family structures, financial literacy and independence will be addressed.
99.9 % of women participating in WAL do not operate bank accounts and are financially illiterate. Women participants will be supported in opening bank accounts and all farmer payments will be cashless. This reduces the risk of money being misused by family members or women being robbed for cash. Income from kaukau production may also be used by women to diversify their income, by venturing into micro/small enterprises.
For Papua New Guinea to develop its agriculture sector we need educated farmers. Introducing innovation/technology into the farming system like farm mechanisation and digital platforms can draw the interest of youths to engage in agriculture, helping to address school drop-out rates.
Family Farm Model
WAL’s design is driven by the ‘model farm’ concept, which is centred on sharing resources within the community and family units. In turn, benefits are shared within the community, fostering social cohesion.
A key design principle for WAL is long-term independence and self-sufficiency – in line with Papua New Guinea’s Directive Principle, ‘National sovereignty and self-reliance.
For example, the outgrower component of WAL is designed to be easily maintained and serviced by outgrowers. Training and resource manuals have also been developed for the community, which are based on ACIAR sweet potato research conducted in the highlands of Papua New Guinea.
Digital enablement will revolutionise the way WAL is managed, greatly improving efficiency and therefore maximising outcomes. The digital platform will provide real-time information for key aspects of project management for decision making to get the best outcomes for investment, by providing robust data and reporting.
Economic development and sustainability are at the core of WAL.
Aligned with National and Global Priorities
- All six of the Papua New Guinean Constitution, National Goals and Directive Principles – 1. Integral human development; 2. Equality and participation; 3. National sovereignty and self-reliance; 4. Natural resources, resource creation and environment; 5. Papua New Guinean ways; and 6. Papua New Guinea is progressive and globally competitive (added in the National Strategic Plan, 2010-50).
The strategic direction of the Papua New Guinea National Strategic Plan, 2010-50 – “Papua New Guinea will develop and grow the manufacturing, services, agriculture, forestry, fisheries and eco-tourism sectors from 2010 to 2050”.
- Gender-based priorities such as “Key result area 1, Increased revenue and wealth creation: Women’s economic empowerment” from Papua New Guinea’s Medium Term Development Plan III, 2018-22.
- Contributes towards seven of the Sustainable Development Goals – 1. No poverty; 2. Zero hunger; 5. Gender equality; 8. Decent work and economic growth; 10. Reduced inequalities; 12. Responsible consumption and production; 16. Peace, justice and strong institutions.
Designing for Long-Term Sustainability
WAL has been designed to be sustainable – for example, crops rotated, waste discharge from the piggery managed by integrating it into cropping systems as manure, solar power used on the main farm and abattoir, and stockfeed produced by WAL (typically more than 60 percent of the cost of production).
The project is also underpinned by local and international research. This includes the use of sweet potato and cassava silage for stockfeed and pathogen tested sweet potato and cassava technology developed by the National Agriculture Research Institute (NARI) / Fresh Produce Development Agency (FPDA) under the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) sweet potato projects.
Responsible Welfare Standards
WAL’s aim is to have a herd of contented pigs cared for by people who have a deep attachment to the animals. The pig housing system has been designed for freedom of movement, generous space and an enriched environment. Sows will be penned in small stable groups of five to ten animals. Space provisions exceed the recommendations of the Australian welfare code. Sows will never be confined in stalls but always be able to turn around easily.
WAL pigs are raised in a village system that incorporates biosecurity principles (no ‘nose-to-nose’), keeping African Swine Fever at a distance.